IRP VINADAPT

IRP VINADAPT

French-New Zealander International Research Project in Environment

IRP VINADAPT

2019-2023
Contact:
Dr. Hervé Quénol
herve.quenol(at)univ-rennes2.fr

Pr. Peyman Zawar-Reza
peyman.zawar-reza(at)canterbury.ac.nz

IRP VINADAPT
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Project LIFE – ADVICLIM :  https://www.adviclim.eu/

Temperature sensor in Waipara vineyard (New Zealand)

INTRODUCTION

The IRP VINADAPT (International Research Project, High-resolution scenarios for adapting agrosystems to climate change: application to viticulture) managed by Dr. Hervé Quénol (CNRS, UMR6554 LETG, University of Rennes 2) in collaboration with the School of Earth and Environment (Prof. Peyman Zawar Reza) of University of Canterbury) will be effective from 2019 to 2023.

MISSIONS AND RESEARCH THEMES

Global climate change affects regional climates and has implications for viticulture worldwide. Various studies have addressed the issue of the impact of climate change on viticulture in many wine-growing regions of the world, but few studies are devoted to the observation and simulation of climate and climate change at the vineyard level (local scale). However, variations in vine growth and differences in grape/wine quality are often observed over short distances in a wine-growing region and are linked to local characteristics (slope, soil…). The high spatial variability of climate caused by local factors is often of the same order or even higher than the temperature increase simulated by the different IPCC scenarios. The winegrowers can adapt to this spatial variability of the climate, notably through their cultivation practices. In the context of climate change, prior knowledge of the spatial variability of climate at fine scales is an asset for defining possibilities for adaptation to the temporal evolution of climate in the medium to longer term. This multidisciplinary and international project aims to produce fine-scale climate change adaptation scenarios by combining simulations of future climate (2031-2050 et 2081-2100) with vine growth models and viticultural practices. These scenarios will be constructed and applied in French and New Zealand wine-growing regions where the current and future impacts of climate change are expected to be rather different. This methodology, based on agroclimatic measurement and modelling and developed specifically in viticulture, aims to be applicable to different agro systems (e. fruticulture).

INSTITUTIONS AND LABORATORIES INVOLVED

France

  • Dr Hervé Quénol (UMR 6554 LETG, CNRS-Université Rennes 2)
  • Dr Benjamin Pohl (UMR 6282 Biogéoscience, CNRS-Université Bourgogne Franche Comté)
  • Dr Nathalie Ollat (UMR 1287 EGFV, INRAE-Institut des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin)
  • Dr Iñaki Garcia de Cortazar-Atauri (US1116 AGROCLIM, INRAE)

New Zealand

  • Dr Peyman Zawar Reza (School of Earth and Environment, College of Science, University of Canterbury)
  • Dr Amber Parker (Department of Wine, Food and Molecular Biosciences, Dr. Amber Parker)
  • Dr Damian Martin (New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Ltd, Marlborough Research Centre)
  • Tracy Benge (Bragato Research Institute, Marlborough Research Centre)

Frost and Bird Protection Systems in the vineyards of Marlborough (New Zealand)

Vineyards in the Waipara Valley (New Zealand)

Vineyards of the Marlborough Region (New Zealand)

Upcoming conferences:

IEA MECAPOP

IEA MECAPOP

French-Australian-Swedish collaboration on Biodiversity

IEA MECAPOP
2020-2021
Contact:
Dr Claire Saraux
claire.saraux@iphc.cnrs.fr

IEA MECAPOP
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Introduction

The IEA MECAPOP (Underlying MEChAnisms of seabird POPulation performances at sea: spatio-temporal prey accessibility) is managed by Dr Claire Saraux (CNRS) in collaboration with Dr Andre Chiaradia (Phillip Island Nature Parks) and Dr Jonas Hentati-Sundberg (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences).

MISSIONS AND RESEARCH THEMES

Many people agree that the Earth is facing its 6th big extinction crisis mostly from anthropogenic activities. In particular, there is an accumulating and ever increasing body of evidence that climate affects a wide range of biological systems, from polar terrestrial to marine tropical environments. Scientists largely agree that climate impacts on individuals and populations operate not only directly through physiology, but also indirectly through changes in their interaction with other individuals and species. Indeed, a change in a species spatial distribution or phenology can lead to interspecific modifications, such as increased or reduced competition, temporal or spatial mismatches. In particular, trophic interactions are particularly strong candidates for biotic multipliers of climate change. This should be especially true in marine ecosystems, where trophic interactions are known to be mainly subject to bottom-up controlling, i.e. a control of a population dynamics by the dynamics of their prey. Here, we are investigating the effect of climate and oceanography on marine top-predators by integrating direct and indirect effects through modifications of fish abundance or spatial distribution.

MAIN PROJECTS OF RESEARCH

In this project, we are developing an innovative method to estimate prey abundance and accessibility (fine-scale spatial distribution) all along the breeding season of a coastal seabird species, the little penguin. This work will be done in the Bass Strait, an area considered as a climate change hotspot (where warming occurs at a much faster pace) around a mega colony of tens of thousands little penguins nesting on Phillip Island (South-East Australia). In parallel, we will pursue the monitoring of little penguin breeding success and foraging behaviour using an automatic penguin monitoring station that detects implanted transponders and records weights. Further, using small loggers attached on the back of the penguins, we will track where penguins forage and the energy they spend to find food. Combining data on prey distribution and penguin foraging behaviour and energy balance will allow a better understanding of seabird foraging strategies and how these are affected by global change.

institutions and laboratories involved

France
• Dr Claire Saraux (Département d’Ecologie, Physiologie et Ethologie, IPHC, CNRS)
Australia
• Dr Andre Chiaradia (Phillip Island Nature Parks)

Sweden
• Dr Jonas Hentati-Sundberg (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)

Group of little penguins returning from sea to the colony to care for their chicks Credits: Phillip Island Nature Parks

Chick moulting for the first time just before fledging Credits: Phillip Island Nature Parks

IEA FISHµBIOM

IEA FISH(micro)BIOM

French-Vietnamese International Emerging Action in Marine Biodiversity

IEA FISHµBIOM
2019-2021
Contact:
Dr. Jean-Christophe Auguet
jean-christophe-auguet(at)cnrs.fr
Dr. Bui Van Ngoc
bui(at)ibt.ac.vn

IEA FISHµBIOM
News

Buying fishes and lobsters in a local fish farm from Nha Trang in order to analyze their intestinal pathobiome and resistome. From the left to the right (Dr Huy Ngyen Quang, Dr JC Auguet, Dr Buy Van Ngoc and Dr Hanh Nguyen Kim)

Credits: Thierry Bouvier

Dissection of a lobster intestinal tract at the Institute of Oceanography in Nha Trang

Credits: Thierry Bouvier

Collecting water and sediment samples in the bay of Nha Trang in order to characterize the environmental pathobiome and resistome.

Credits: Thierry Bouvier

Introduction

The IEA FISHµBIOM (International Emerging Action Biodiversity and role of FISH MICROBIOMes in coral reef socio-ecosystems) managed by Dr. Jean-Christophe Auguet (MARBEC, University of Montpellier, CNRS, IFREMER, IRD) in collaboration with the MIVEGEC research unit in Montpellier (Dr Anne-Laure Bañuls), the Institute of Biotechnology of Hanoï (IBT, Dr. Bui Van Ngoc), the University of Science and Technology of Hanoï (USTH, Dr. Huy Nguyen Quang) and the Institute of Oceanography of Nha Trang (IO, Dr. Hanh Kim Nguyen) will be effective from 2019 to 2021.

Missions and research themes

Fishes represent the principal link between coral reef biodiversity and associated human societies as source of food and income, but also through regulation of ecosystem processes. This resource for millions of people worldwide is however endangered by the ongoing decline of their habitat owing to increasing anthropogenic pressures. Microbiomes, through their influence on the heath, physiology and ecology of their hosts could help in the comprehension of fish adaptations to these changes.

The FISHµBIOM project represents an unparalleled effort to characterize the biodiversity of microbial communities associated to coral reef fishes. Understanding the mechanisms generating this biodiversity is critical for management of coral reefs, which are endangered hotspots of biodiversity and ecosystem services, as it is a key challenge towards the establishment of relevant conservation strategies. From a social point of view, coral reef ecosystems support ecological and cultural services, especially as protein source for people living close to these ecosystems. The outcome of the project will help to understand and predict how deterioration of the coral ecosystems may alter the nutritional quality of the fishes and ultimately the health of humans. Determining if reef fishes represent potential reservoirs and vectors of pathogens and drug resistance in coastal areas and developing new diagnostic tools are a relevant objective in terms of human and animal health because of the growing importance of zoonotic diseases.

Main OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT

The general objectives of the project are to assess the biodiversity of microbial communities in the intestinal tract of coral reef fishes and to estimate their influence on their host phenotype and the surrounding socio-ecosystem. More specifically, we will address the following complementary questions:

  • Which lineages of microbes, associated functions and interactions are present in the gut of coral fishes?
  • Do coral reef fishes represent reservoirs and vectors of potentially pathogenic human bacteria (PPHB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs)?
  • How gut microbiome affect growth and condition of coral fishes and their contribution to ecosystem services through food provision and carbon cycling?

institutions and laboratories involved

France
• Marine Biodivesity, Exploitation and Conservation (MARBEC, Université de Montpellier, CNRS, IRD, IFREMER, http://www.umr-marbec.fr)
• Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs : Ecologie, Génétique, Evolution et Contrôle (MIVEGEC, Université de Montpellier, CNRS, IRD, https://mivegec.ird.fr/fr/)

Vietnam
• Institute of Biotechnology of Hanoi (IBT, www.ibt.ac.vn/en/)
• Institute of oceanography of Nha Trang (IO, www.vnio.org.vn)
• University of Science and Technology of Hanoi (USTH, https://usth.edu.vn/)

Collecting water and sediment samples in the bay of Nha Trang in order to characterize the environmental pathobiome and resistome.

Credits: Thierry Bouvier

Collecting water and sediment samples in the bay of Nha Trang in order to characterize the environmental pathobiome and resistome.

Credits: Thierry Bouvier

IRN PALBIODIV-ASE

IRN PalBioDiv-ASE

IRN PalBioDiv-ASE

IRN PalBioDiv-ASE
2019- 2023
Contact:
Dr Valery ZEITOUN
pythecanthro(at)gmail.com

Dr Julien CLAUDE
julien.claude(at)umontpellier.fr

PalBioDiv ASE logo

IRN PALBIODIV-ASE
Website

IRN PALBIODIV-ASE
News

Introduction

The International Research Network Paleobiodiverity in South-east Asia is managed on the French side, by Dr. Valery ZEITOUN, CNRS research director at the Centre de Recherche en Paléontologie, Paris (UMR7207) with the administrative support of Angelina BASTOS. It has been launched in January 2015 and renewed in 2019.

Missions and research themes

The IRN-PalBioDivASE aims to set-up a collaborative research network on paleobiodiversity in South-east Asia between seven CNRS French laboratories, accompanied by their supporting universities and Museum, and twenty European, American and Asian Institutes. The scientific topics of the network focus on the paleobiogeographical history of South-east Asia, the Asian Inter-basin correlations and the origin and recent dynamics of modern biodiversity in South-east Asia. It targets reinforcement of our knowledge on the evolution of biodiversity in South-east Asia at different scales.

    NETWORK ACTIVITIES AND EXPECTED RESULTS

    To reach these targets, the following activities are envisaged:

    • The organization of workshops, seminars and training schools within the network partners, but also open to additional regional collaborators.
    • To promote the exchange of permanent researchers and professors as well as master, doctoral and post-doctoral students. In particular, the training of students in the field and in collections will be pursued with the support from our different teams.
    • Co-participation to international congresses & conferences where the multidisciplinary expertise of the Network will be recognised and showcased.
    • To act as driver for attracting international attention to the erosion of Biodiversity.
    • To act for the enhancement and safeguard of the paleontological heritage.

    To draw-up joint publications and implementation of joint projects between French and Foreign partners within the IRN-PalBioDivASE research targets.

    institutions and laboratories involved

    France
    • Centre de Recherche en Paléontologie, Paris (UMR7207).
    Dr Valéry ZEITOUN, Dr Ronan ALLAIN, Dr Marie-Béatrice FOREL, Prof. Nour-Eddine JALIL, Dr Michel LAURIN, Dr Grégoire METAIS, Dr Jean-Sébastien STEYER, Colas BOUILLET, Yohan DESPRES, Renaud VACANT 

    • Institut des Sciences de l’Evolution de Montpellier, Université de Montpellier (UMR5554).
      Dr Julien CLAUDE, Dr Serge MORAND, Dr Emmanuel PARADIS , Prof. Pierre-Olivier ANTOINE
    • Laboratoire d’Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes Naturels Anthropisés, Université Claude Bernard (UMR5023).
      Prof. Gilles CUNY, Dr Marc PHILIPPE
    • Laboratoire de Géologie de Lyon : Terre, planète et environnement (UMR5276).
      Dr Jeremy MARTIN, Dr Romain AMIOT
    • Laboratoire de Géologie de l’Ecole Normal Supérieure (UMR8538).
      Dr Eric BUFFETAUT
    • Histoire Naturelle de l’Homme Préhistorique, Museum national d’Histoire naturelle (UMR7194).
      Dr Thomas INGICCO
    • Institut de Systématique, Biodiversité, Paris (UMR7205).
      Dr Romain GARROUSTE

    Thailand
    • Palaeontological and Education Centre, Mahasarakham University.
    Prof. Mongkol UDCHACHON (Director), Dr Pasakorn BUNCHALEE, Prof. Clive BURRETT, Prof. Varavudh SUTEETHORN, Dr Suravech SUTEETHORN, Dr Haiyan TONG, Dr Siria PONGSANGTHONG, Dr Bouziane KHALLOUFI

    • Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Mahasarakham University.
      Dr Uthumporn DEESRI, Dr Komsorn LAUPRASERT
    • Northern Institut of Petrified Wood and Mineral Ressources, Nakhon Ratchasima Rajabhat University.
      Dr Wilailuck NAKSRI
    • Department of Biology, Chulalongkorn University.
      Dr Noppadon KITANA, Dr Thongchai NGAMPRASERTWONG
    • Department of Biology, Burapha University, Chon Buri.
      Dr Chantima PIYAPONG
    • Sirindhorn Museum, Department of Mineral Resources
      Dr. Phornphen Chantasit, Tida LIARD
    • Department of Archaeology, Silpakorn University.
      Dr Prasit AUETRAKULVIT

    Philippines
    • Achaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines.
    Dr Kathryn MANOLO, Dr Marian REYES, Dr Michael HERRERA

    Malaysia

    • Department of Geology, University of Malaysia.
      Dr Masatoshi SONE

    Cambodia

    • Department of Prehistory, Ministry of Culture and Heritage of the Kingdom of Cambodia.
      Dr Heng SOPHADY 

    China
    • Natural History Museum of Guangxi Zhuang.
    Prof. Jinyou MO, Dr Duo XIONG, Dr Qiongyao FU

    Laos

    • Savannakhet Dinosaur Museum.
      Dr Lattanabanlang CHUNLAMUNTRY
    • Department of Heritage, Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism, Vientiane.
      Dr Thonglith LUANGKOTH

    Vietnam

    • Geological Museum, Hanoi.
      Dr Quý TRƯƠNG QUAN
    • Department of Geology and Minerals of Vietnam (DGMV), Hanoi.
      Dr Luong THE VIET
    • Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi.
      Dr Minh D. LE

    Switzerland
    • Department of Geology and Paleontology, Genève Museum.
    Dr Lionel CAVIN

    United-Kingdom

    • Cambridge Advanced Studies Program, University of Cambridge.
      Dr Simon SCHNEIDER

    Germany
    • Museum of Paleontology, University of Tübingen.
    Prof. Madelaine BÖHME, Dr Uwe KIRSCHER, Dr Jérome PRIETO, Dr Davit VASYLIAN

    USA

    • Department of Paleobiology, Smithsonian Institution.
      Dr Antoine BERCOVICI

    IRN EHEDE

    IRN EHEDE

    French-Australian-Chinese-British-Japanese International Research Network on Ecosystem Health and Environmental Disease Ecology

    IRN EHEDE
    2013 – 2020
    Contact:
    French Director:
    Patrick Giraudoux
    patrick.giraudoux@univ-fcomte.fr

    Chinese Director:
    LI Li lilyzsu@126.com

    http://gdri-ehede.univ-fcomte.fr/

    IRN EHEDE
    News

    Introduction

    The IRN EHEDEEcosystem Health and Environmental Disease Ecology”, funded by the CNRS, aims to promote exchanges and improve the readability of research conducted in Eurasia linking ecosystems health (the long-term sustainability of ecological processes and the integrity of ecosystem services) and the ecology of diseases (the processes by which diseases can be maintained or controlled in an ecosystem).

    EHEDE is a unique configuration in the world, bringing together the best specialists in the field addressed by the cestodosis model, from 21 laboratories in 8 countries. It includes ecologists, parasitologists, doctors, geographers and modelers whose skills and complementarities have been proven for nearly twenty years.

    Missions and research themes

    Ecology (of populations, communities, landscape), conservation biology, ecosystem health, spatial and temporal modelling, hazards and risks. The IRN activity is based on an international research network bringing together specialists in the interface between ecology and human and animal health, implementing the concepts of one health and ecohealth, linked to conservation biology and ecosystem health. It also mobilizes actors from agriculture, conservation and public health to address topics concerning multi-scale disturbances of regional ecosystems (effects of land use change due to agricultural expansion, deforestation, reforestation, etc.).

    Three sets are identified, which are likely to evolve as results are obtained:
    – ecology and emergence of transmission of cestodoses (echinococcosis, etc.) in Eurasia
    – ecosystem health and wildlife management
    – permanent workshop on adaptive ecosystem monitoring and data management

    MAIN projects of research

    The “Chrono-environment” laboratory, UMR6249 of the CNRS and the Université de Bourgogne France-Comté, has been at the heart of the network since its creation and is a unique field of research. From the outset, it has been the initiator and coordinator of research related to the ecology of the transmission of pathogens, and also offers its expertise in the field of eco-epidemiology, data and (geo) statistics analysis. The LADYSS and Chrono-environment laboratories, which have been collaborating for a long time, also provide added value in the field of spatial modelling. The role of Chrono-environnement is decisive in the configuration and orientation of the ecological research of the whole network. It is also developing national and international expertise in the field of parasitology and clinical research, with the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Jean-Minjoz, Besançon, as the French national reference centre for echinococcosis, and a WHO collaborating centre for the prevention and treatment of human echinococcosis. It therefore benefits from the opening up of all study areas in Asia (China, Kyrgyzstan, etc.), and from the support of foreign laboratories in the fields of enzyme immunology, molecular genetics, conservation biology, parasitology and human and animal health.

    Most foreign laboratories are specialized in the field of parasitology or clinical research. Parasitology laboratories master the techniques of parasite identification, strain typing, have a significant self-financing capacity and, consequently, a significant field projection capacity. The clinical departments allow the implementation of screening in humans and animals and access to hospital registers. The Asian laboratories also provide essential human and logistical assistance in accessing study sites.

    The Wildlife management and ecosystem health department of the Yunnan University of Finance and Economics, China, was created in 2012. Its research objectives are directly derived from the ideas that prevailed in the creation of IRN EHEDE, with a particular focus on conservation biology. The coordinator is the French director and this position helps to determine its scientific policy, in agreement with the Chinese managers of the laboratory. This department offers easy access to the Yunnan study areas and to emerging research and development issues in this global biodiversity hotspot. The British and Australian laboratories also have a significant capacity to mobilize international funds (foundations, etc.).

    institutions and laboratories involved

    France
    • CNRS UMR 6249-Chrono-Environnement, Université de Bourgogne Franche-Comté
    •Other labs: CNRS UMR7533 LADYSS, Université Paris-Diderot, Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle

    Australia
    • 
    AustraIRPn National University, Canberra

    China
    • Yunnan University of Finance and Economics, Department of Wildlife Management and Ecosystem Health, Kunming
    • Sichuan Center for Disease Control, Institute of Parasitic Diseases
    •  Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi
    • Associated partners: Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Ningxia Medical University and East China Normal University, Shanghai

    Other countries
    • Great Britain: University of Salford, School of Environment and Life Sciences, Manchester
    •  Associated partners: Hohenheim University (Germany) Asahikawa Medical University (Japan)

    Elephants in a coffee plantation, JiangSheng, Yunnan (© EHEDE)